Simple cavities are treated with a filling. A tooth filling is a type of dental restoration which repairs damage caused by tooth decay and prolongs the life of the tooth. Dr. Mejia will remove the decayed tooth structure and replace it with a filling. The filling will either be an amalgam or a composite.
Amalgam (silver) fillings
Silver-colored amalgam cavity fillings are made from a mixture of metals. One downside is the esthetics. They are usually avoided for front teeth.
Resin composite (white) fillings
The resin-based composite material is shaded to match your natural tooth color as closely as possible, making the filling hardly noticeable.
How do I know if I need a filling?
Decay noted during dental exam
Sensitivity in your teeth.
Discomfort when eating sugary or acidic food.
Visible pitting or the appearance of holes in your teeth
White, brown, or black staining appearing on your teeth
Often there are no symptoms associated with cavities
Some cavities are too large for a filling. If the damage is very extensive, and too much tooth structure is missing, a dental crown may be needed. If the cavity is too large or the tooth has become infected, this can lead to an abscess, and may require a root canal.
Approximately 91% of U.S. adults aged 20–64 have had dental caries in permanent teeth (https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db197.htm)